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Builders of the First Outside Garden Fountains

Water fountain designers were multi-talented individuals from the 16th to the late 18th century, often serving as architects, sculptors, artisans, engineers and highly educated scholars all in one person. Exemplifying the Renaissance artist as a inspiring legend, Leonardo da Vinci worked as an innovator and scientific specialist. With his astounding fascination about the forces of nature, he explored the characteristics and motion of water and also systematically documented his findings in his now famed notebooks. Ingenious water displays packed with symbolic significance and natural beauty transformed private villa settings when early Italian water fountain designers coupled creativity with hydraulic and landscaping skill. Known for his incredible skill in archeology, architecture and garden design, Pirro Ligorio, the humanist, provided the vision behind the magnificence in Tivoli. Masterminding the extraordinary water marbles, water attributes and water pranks for the numerous estates near Florence, some other water feature builders were well versed in humanist themes as well as classical scientific texts.Gian Lorenzo Bernini's Public Fountains 71169216050127133.jpg

Gian Lorenzo Bernini's Public Fountains

There are numerous popular water fountains in the city center of Rome. Pretty much all of them were planned, designed and built by one of the greatest sculptors and designers of the 17th century, Gian Lorenzo Bernini. Also a city builder, he had abilities as a fountain designer, and marks of his life's work are noticeable throughout the avenues of Rome. To completely exhibit their artwork, primarily in the form of public water fountains and water features, Bernini's father, a celebrated Florentine sculptor, guided his young son, and they eventually moved in the Roman Capitol. An outstanding workman, Bernin earned praise and the patronage of popes and well known painters. At the start he was renowned for his sculptural expertise. He made use of his ability and melded it seamlessly with Roman marble, most significantly in the Vatican. Although a variety of artists impacted his artistic endeavors, Michelangelo inspired him the most.

The Water Fountains

Water Fountains 326435673.jpg As originally conceived, water fountains were crafted to be practical, directing water from creeks or aqueducts to the residents of cities and settlements, where the water could be used for cooking food, cleaning, and drinking. In the days before electric power, the spray of fountains was powered by gravity only, usually using an aqueduct or water source located far away in the surrounding mountains. Typically used as memorials and commemorative edifices, water fountains have impressed travelers from all over the world throughout the centuries. If you saw the very first fountains, you probably would not recognize them as fountains. A natural stone basin, crafted from rock, was the 1st fountain, used for holding water for drinking and spiritual functions. Rock basins as fountains have been uncovered from 2000 B.C.. The force of gravity was the energy source that operated the oldest water fountains. Drinking water was delivered by public fountains, long before fountains became decorative public monuments, as pretty as they are functional. Animals, Gods, and spectral figures dominated the very early ornate Roman fountains, beginning to appear in about 6 BC. The Romans had an intricate system of aqueducts that delivered the water for the countless fountains that were situated throughout the community.