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The Results of the Norman Conquest on Anglo Saxon Gardens

Anglo-Saxons encountered great changes to their daily lives in the latter half of the eleventh century due to the accession of the Normans. The Normans were much better than the Anglo-Saxons at architecture and horticulture when they came into power.Results Norman Conquest Anglo Saxon Gardens 6745510570396.jpg But there was no time for home life, domestic design, and decoration until the Normans had overcome the whole realm. Castles were more fundamental constructions and often constructed on blustery hills, where their tenants spent both time and space to exercising offense and defense, while monasteries were considerable stone buildings, regularly situated in the widest, most fruitful hollows. Peaceful activities such as gardening were out of place in these destitute citadels. Berkeley Castle is most likely the most unchanged model in existence today of the early Anglo-Norman style of architecture. The keep is said to date from William the Conqueror's time. A big terrace recommended for strolling and as a way to stop enemies from mining below the walls runs about the building. A scenic bowling green, enveloped in grass and enclosed by battlements clipped out of an ancient yew hedge, creates one of the terraces.

Builders of the First Outdoor Fountains

Often working as architects, sculptors, artists, engineers and cultivated scholars all in one, from the 16th to the later part of the 18th century, fountain designers were multi-talented people, Leonardo da Vinci, a Renaissance artist, was celebrated as an inspired master, inventor and scientific expert. He systematically annotated his findings in his now celebrated notebooks about his investigations into the forces of nature and the properties and motion of water. Coupling imaginativeness with hydraulic and gardening mastery, early Italian water feature creators modified private villa settings into amazing water displays full of symbolic meaning and natural charm. The splendors in Tivoli were provided by the humanist Pirro Ligorio, who was celebrated for his capabilities in archeology, engineering and garden design. Well versed in humanistic subject areas and classic scientific texts, other water feature designers were masterminding the phenomenal water marbles, water features and water antics for the numerous properties near Florence.

Where did Fountains Begin?

A fountain, an incredible piece of engineering, not only supplies drinking water as it pours into a basin, it can also propel water high into the air for an extraordinary effect.

Originally, fountains only served a functional purpose.Fountains Begin? 569488829289888030.jpg People in cities, towns and villages received their drinking water, as well as water to bathe and wash, via aqueducts or springs nearby. Up until the nineteenth, fountains had to be more elevated and closer to a water supply, such as aqueducts and reservoirs, in order to take advantage of gravity which fed the fountains. Fountains were not only utilized as a water source for drinking water, but also to adorn homes and celebrate the artist who created it. The main components used by the Romans to build their fountains were bronze or stone masks, mostly illustrating animals or heroes. During the Middle Ages, Muslim and Moorish garden designers included fountains in their designs to mimic the gardens of paradise. To demonstrate his prominence over nature, French King Louis XIV included fountains in the Garden of Versailles. To mark the entryway of the restored Roman aqueducts, the Popes of the 17th and 18th centuries commissioned the construction of baroque style fountains in the spot where the aqueducts arrived in the city of Rome

Since indoor plumbing became the standard of the day for fresh, drinking water, by the end of the 19th century urban fountains were no longer needed for this purpose and they became purely decorative. Gravity was substituted by mechanical pumps in order to enable fountains to bring in clean water and allow for beautiful water displays.

These days, fountains decorate public spaces and are used to pay tribute to individuals or events and fill recreational and entertainment needs.