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Anglo Saxon Gardens During the Norman Conquest

Anglo Saxon Gardens Norman Conquest 0936055352570829.jpg The Anglo-Saxon way of life was considerably changed by the appearance of the Normans in the later eleventh century. The Normans were much better than the Anglo-Saxons at architecture and horticulture when they came into power. Still, home life, household architecture, and decoration were out of the question until the Normans taken over the entire population. Monasteries and castles served different purposes, so while monasteries were massive stone structures constructed in only the most fruitful, wide dales, castles were set upon blustery knolls where the people focused on learning offensive and defensive strategies. Tranquil pursuits such as gardening were out of place in these desolate citadels. The finest specimen of the early Anglo-Norman style of architecture existent today is Berkeley Castle. The keep is said to date from William the Conqueror's time. An enormous terrace encompasses the building, serving as an obstacle to assailants attempting to dig under the castle walls. One of these terraces, a charming bowling green, is covered grass and flanked by an ancient yew hedge trimmed into the shape of crude battlements.

The Father Of Roman Water Fountain Design

There are countless renowned water fountains in the city center of Rome. One of the most distinguished sculptors and artists of the 17th century, almost all of them were planned, conceptualized and constructed by Gian Lorenzo Bernini. Also a city builder, he had abilities as a fountain developer, and marks of his life's work are evident throughout the avenues of Rome. Bernini's father, a renowned Florentine sculptor, guided his young son, and they ultimately relocated in Rome, to thoroughly express their art in the form of public water features and water features. An outstanding employee, Bernin received encouragement and the the backing of popes and well known artists. He was initially recognized for his sculpture. An authority in classic Greek engineering, he utilized this knowledge as a foundation and melded it gracefully with Roman marble, most notably in the Vatican. He was influenced by many a great artists, however, Michelangelo had the biggest impact on his work.Keeping Large Garden Fountains Clean 17571693117.jpg

Keeping Your Large Garden Fountains Clean

Water fountains will keep working a long time with scheduled cleaning and maintenance. It is essential to clean it out and get rid of any debris or foreign objects that might have dropped into or onto it. On top of that, algae can be a problem, as sun hitting the water allows it to form easily. Either sea salt, hydrogen peroxide, or vinegar can be blended into the water to prevent this problem. Bleach can also be dissolved into the water, but this is not an ideal option as it can harm birds or other animals.

Every three-four months, garden fountains should undergo a serious cleaning. Before you can start cleaning it you must empty out all of the water. When you have done this, wash inside the water reservoir with a gentle detergent. Feel free to use a toothbrush if needed for any stubborn crevasses. Be sure to carefully rinse the inside of the fountain to make sure all the soap is gone.

Make sure you get rid of any calcium or plankton by taking the pump apart and scrubbing the inside thoroughly. You might want to let it soak in vinegar for a few hours to make it much less difficult to wash. Build-up can be a big hassle, so use mineral or rain water over tap water, when possible, to reduce this dilemma.

One final trick for keeping your fountain in top working order is to check the water level every day and make sure it is full. Low water levels can ruin the pump - and you don't want that!

The First Modern Wall Fountains

Himself a learned man, Pope Nicholas V led the Roman Catholic Church from 1397 till 1455 and was responsible for the translation of scores of ancient documents from their original Greek into Latin. He undertook the embellishment of Rome to make it into the worthy capital of the Christian world. In 1453 the Pope commissioned the rebuilding of the Aqua Vergine, an ancient Roman aqueduct which had carried fresh drinking water into the city from eight miles away. Building a mostra, an imposing celebratory fountain built by ancient Romans to memorialize the arrival point of an aqueduct, was a tradition revived by Nicholas V. The architect Leon Battista Alberti was directed by the Pope to construct a wall fountain where we now find the Trevi Fountain. The water which eventually supplied the Trevi Fountain as well as the famed baroque fountains in the Piazza del Popolo and Piazza Navona came from the modified aqueduct which he had renovated.