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Sculpture As a Staple of Classic Art in Historic Greece

The initial freestanding statuary was improved by the Archaic Greeks, a notable accomplishment since until then the sole carvings in existence were reliefs cut into walls and columns. Kouros figures, sculptures of adolescent, attractive male or female (kore) Greeks, made up the greater part of the sculptures. Thought of by Greeks to characterize beauty, the kouroi were structured into stiff, forward facing positions with one foot outstretched, and the male statues were usually nude, well-built, and fit. Around 650 BC, life-size versions of the kouroi began to be observed. A substantial age of modification for the Greeks, the Archaic period introduced about more forms of government, expressions of artwork, and a greater appreciation of people and cultures outside of Greece. But in spite of the issues, the Greek civilization continued to advance, unabated.

Anglo-Saxon Grounds at the Time of the Norman Conquest

The Anglo-Saxon way of life was significantly changed by the introduction of the Normans in the later eleventh century.Anglo-Saxon Grounds Time Norman Conquest 09806124586140358392.jpg Architecture and horticulture were attributes that the Normans excelled in, trumping that of the Anglo-Saxons at the time of the occupation. But before concentrating on home-life or having the occasion to contemplate domestic architecture or decoration, the Normans had to subjugate an entire population. Monasteries and castles served different functions, so while monasteries were enormous stone structures assembled in only the most fruitful, wide dales, castles were set upon blustery knolls where the residents focused on learning offensive and defensive strategies. Gardening, a placid occupation, was impracticable in these fruitless fortifications. The early Anglo-Norman style of architecture is symbolized in Berkeley Castle, which is most likely the most unscathed example we have. It is said that the keep was created during William the Conqueror's time. A big terrace intended for walking and as a way to stop enemies from mining under the walls runs about the building. On one of these parapets is a scenic bowling green covered in grass and surrounded by an aged hedge of yew that has been shaped into coarse battlements.

The Source of Today's Outdoor Garden Fountains

Source Today's Outdoor Garden Fountains 31183314159193753276.jpg Pope Nicholas V, himself a well educated man, governed the Roman Catholic Church from 1397 to 1455 during which time he commissioned many translations of ancient classical Greek texts into Latin. In order to make Rome worthy of being the capital of the Christian world, the Pope decided to embellish the beauty of the city. At the bidding of the Pope, the Aqua Vergine, a ruined aqueduct which had carried clean drinking water into Rome from eight miles away, was reconditioned starting in 1453. Building a mostra, an imposing commemorative fountain built by ancient Romans to memorialize the arrival point of an aqueduct, was a tradition revived by Nicholas V. The architect Leon Battista Alberti was commissioned by the Pope to build a wall fountain where we now find the Trevi Fountain. The water which eventually supplied the Trevi Fountain as well as the famed baroque fountains in the Piazza del Popolo and Piazza Navona came from the modified aqueduct which he had renovated.