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The Effect of the Norman Conquest on Anglo Saxon Gardens

The arrival of the Normans in the latter half of the 11th century considerably modified The Anglo-Saxon ways of living. The talent of the Normans surpassed the Anglo-Saxons' in design and agriculture at the time of the conquest. However the Normans had to pacify the overall territory before they could concentrate on home life, domestic architecture, and decoration. Castles were more basic constructions and often built on blustery hills, where their tenants spent both time and space to practicing offense and defense, while monasteries were major stone buildings, mostly positioned in the widest, most fruitful hollows. The bare fortresses did not provide for the quiet avocation of gardening. Berkeley Castle, potentially the most uncorrupted model of the early Anglo-Norman style of architecture, still exists today. The keep is rumored to have been conceived during the time of William the Conqueror. A massive terrace serves as a hindrance to intruders who would attempt to mine the walls of the building. On one of these terraces sits a stylish bowling green: it is coated in grass and flanked by an old yew hedge that is formed into the shape of rough ramparts.Builders First Fountains 54247064869493720388.jpg

Builders of the First Fountains

Often working as architects, sculptors, artists, engineers and highly educated scholars all in one, from the 16th to the later part of the 18th century, fountain designers were multi-faceted individuals, Leonardo da Vinci as a imaginative genius, inventor and scientific expert exemplified this Renaissance master. He methodically recorded his observations in his now renowned notebooks, after his mind boggling interest in the forces of nature inspired him to explore the qualities and mobility of water. Early Italian water fountain designers transformed private villa configurations into inventive water displays full with emblematic meaning and natural elegance by coupling creativity with hydraulic and gardening expertise. The brilliance in Tivoli were created by the humanist Pirro Ligorio, who was renowned for his capabilities in archeology, engineering and garden design. Other water fountain engineers, masterminding the extraordinary water marbles, water attributes and water antics for the countless properties in the vicinity of Florence, were tried and tested in humanist themes and classical scientific texts.

Modern Garden Decoration: Fountains and their Beginnings

Modern Garden Decoration: Fountains Beginnings 7051303946.jpg The incredible construction of a fountain allows it to provide clean water or shoot water high into air for dramatic effect and it can also serve as an excellent design feature to enhance your home.

Pure practicality was the original purpose of fountains. Cities, towns and villages made use of nearby aqueducts or springs to provide them with potable water as well as water where they could bathe or wash. Used until the 19th century, in order for fountains to flow or shoot up into the air, their origin of water such as reservoirs or aqueducts, had to be higher than the water fountain in order to benefit from gravity. Fountains were not only utilized as a water source for drinking water, but also to decorate homes and celebrate the artist who created it. Animals or heroes made of bronze or stone masks were often used by Romans to decorate their fountains. To illustrate the gardens of paradise, Muslim and Moorish garden planners of the Middle Ages added fountains to their designs. To demonstrate his dominance over nature, French King Louis XIV included fountains in the Garden of Versailles. The Romans of the 17th and 18th centuries created baroque decorative fountains to glorify the Popes who commissioned them as well as to mark the spot where the restored Roman aqueducts entered the city.

Indoor plumbing became the key source of water by the end of the 19th century thereby limiting urban fountains to mere decorative elements. Fountains using mechanical pumps instead of gravity allowed fountains to provide recycled water into living spaces as well as create unique water effects.

Beautifying city parks, honoring people or events and entertaining, are some of the uses of modern-day fountains.

Outdoor Water Features Come in Many Forms and Sizes

Convert your garden into what you have always wished for – an oasis of peace. Add a feeling of peace to your garden with an exterior fountain and profit from all the positive effects of a water feature.

Sending a stream of water shooting into the air, spouting fountains leave a spectacular impression.Outdoor Water Features Come Many Forms Sizes 7815985538419428.jpg Large, existing ponds can effortlessly be fitted with one of these. You may have encountered one of these in a park or an old mansion.

One of the many examples of an outdoor water feature is a stylish wall fountain. Such fountains make for a fantastic addition to your yard even if it is small. Wall fountains make an understated impression, contrary to the big impact created by spouting fountains. In this simple process. the water which is pushed out of a small opening, moves down a beautifully textured wall and is then collected at the base before being pumped back to the top.

Dependent on the style you have chosen for the garden, you could consider a themed fountain. If your cottage or garden is styled in a rustic manner, you should consider including a classic type of statue, such as a seraph holding the spout, to your fountain. On the other hand, a more modern yard can include more of a bold design. Just allow your imagination to run loose.

Tiered fountains are unique because the water runs down multiple levels. Water streaming down multiple tiers of this water feature is the main attribute of a cascading fountain.

Since external fountains require ample space, think about putting in a wall fountain or a pondless fountain. Fit in one of these fountains if your space is limited since their reservoirs are concealed from sight underground.

If you seek a feeling of serenity and calmness, put in a Japanese fountain as these are considered to bring about such sensations. In this style of water feature the water flows through bamboo sticks. The repetition of water streaming into a bucket or shaped stone is one of the main attributes of this kind of fountain.

Glass fountains make up an additional group of fountain. A more traditional look is provided by trellis-style fountains which showcase shaped metalwork. Water features of this kind are an excellent alternative for gardens with many sharp edges as well as contemporary shapes and design. The water produces a dazzling effect when it streams down the outside of the glass. Some fountains also include colored LED lights to shine onto the sheets of glass as water flows downwards. The jagged surface of rock waterfall fountain creates an appealing façade as the water gently trickles downwards.

The feature which differentiates a bubbling rock fountain is a large rock drilled with holes where pipes can be inserted into its center. In this kind of fountain, water is pushed upwards at low pressure to cause it to bubble and gurgle at the top. Water then streams as a delicate trickle down the sides of the rock to its base. Gardens with little space are good places to include this style of fountain. The low pressure used in this sort of fountain inhibits water from being spattered about in case of a windy day.

Solar fountains have recently gained in appeal because they are powered by sunlight. The reasons for this are varied, from the absence of wires and the reduced complexities to the lower power bills and the beneficial effects on our environment. It is not necessary to choose a specific model of outdoor solar-powered fountain because of the wide variety of designs available on the market.

Outdoor Garden Fountains: The Perfect Decor Accessory to Find Serenity

You can find harmony and tranquility by simply having water in your garden. The sounds of a fountain are great to block out the noise in your neighborhood or in the city where you live. The outdoors and recreation are two of the things you will find in your garden. Bodies of water such as seas, oceans and rivers are commonly used in water therapies, as they are regarded as therapeutic. If you want a heavenly place to go to relax your body and mind, get yourself a pond or water fountain.